Metabolic syndrome and related metabolic traits heritability is relatively high. Genetically altered knockout mice models and human monogenic obese/insulin unaffected syndrome deliver significant molecular insights into the pathogenesis of the metabolic syndrome. Transfer (engraftment) of human cells, tissues or organs from a donor to a recipient with the aim of restoring function in the body is called as transplantation. It can be of various types such as pancreas transplantation, xenotransplantation and islet transplantation.
Molecular Biomarkers can be demarcated as “a characteristic that is accurately measured and gauged as an pointer of normal biological procedures, pathogenic procedures, or pharmacologic responses to a pharmaceutical intervention. Biomarkers play an vital part in leading clinical trials and treating patients. Advances in molecular diagnostics help medical professionals make knowledgeable, scientifically valid decisions. More well-organized discovery and usage of biomarkers in the growth of antidiabetes drugs will depend on accelerating our understanding of the pathogenesis of diabetes and specifically its macrovascular complications. Procedural improvements from other fields, especially cancer, are beginning to show the way towards better models of diabetes pathogenesis and molecular biomarker discovery.